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Project Case Study

Mainstreaming Gender Equality & Social Inclusion in Development Programmes

Mainstreaming Gender Equality & Social Inclusion in Development Programmes

Key findings and recommendations on best practices in GESI mainstreaming tactics across the FCDO Nepal portfolio.

The Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) Mainstreaming Research Project is a one-year qualitative study commissioned by the United Kingdom (UK) Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) and British Embassy Kathmandu (BEK). The research was undertaken by Adam Smith International (ASI) with the purpose of generating learning on how to include a meaningful focus on GESI within ‘mainstream’ development programmes. 

Project Info

Review of GESI Mainstreaming tactics in the British Embassy Kathmandu Programme Portfolio


  • 2023-2024

Project Background

GESI Mainstreaming Framework

The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office commissioned ASI to conduct a full review of gender equality and social inclusion mainstreaming within its diverse portfolio of Nepali programmes with the aim of understanding both the extent to which GESI is (or is not) mainstreamed and, critically, the impact of various tactics on inclusion and empowerment. This research was commissioned on the 25th anniversary of UN Member States endorsing gender mainstreaming as a crucial approach in achieving gender equality. Mainstreaming remains vitally important today and this research represents an important opportunity to reflect on how well GESI mainstreaming is working and how effectively it is translating into real outcomes.

Project Description

The research project bridged academic rigour with a practical, utilisation focus drawing on local expertise and global best practice to ensure robust, actionable findings and recommendations. The team analysed mainstreaming tactics and outcomes across UK-funded projects in broad range of sectors including governance, PFM, economic inclusion, education and many others. The scope for learning through this research was all the greater because the British Embassy Kathmandu’s approach to GESI mainstreaming has been not only to support compliance but to extend ambitions through a clear and structured approach. This research was therefore an opportunity to capture the value of this work and draw lessons from it. It is also timely given the review of the embassy’s portfolio and the changes this will inform. The findings of this research will help provide important information about the strengths and weaknesses of current mainstreaming approaches, the resources these approaches require and which ones might be of greatest value going forward. It will also contribute to global best practice in GESI as, while there was a specific geographic focus, the findings are applicable globally.

Project Outputs

The following resources were produced as part of the research project

*information as of May 2024

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