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Project Case Study

Increasing production of Sudan’s liquefied petroleum gas

Conducting a study into the development of Sudan's liquid petroleum gas assets

In Sudan, the use of liquefied petroleum gas is becoming more and more important to the national economy as people are encouraged to use it for cooking and general household use as an alternative to wood fuel.

Sudan has the potential to produce substantial amounts of indigenous liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), but the country’s refining capacity was in 2010 unable to optimise supply with only one active LPG plant, at the Al Jaili refinery north of Khartoum, which was producing 350,000 tonnes per year. However, demand for LPG is set to outstrip supply, which by 2010 stood at 310,000 tonnes per year.

Project info

Increasing production of Sudan's liquefied petroleum gas



  • Department for International Development

Funded by the Department for International Development, Adam Smith International was asked in early 2010 to identify the policy issues which were preventing Sudan from increasing its LPG production, and to provide recommendations on how to promote the uptake of LPG. This would bring a number of benefits including to health, by reducing problems associated with excessive smoke inhalation, to conservation efforts by reducing the rate of deforestation, and in alleviating poverty by removing the dependence of poor families on expensive wood fuel. Adam Smith International identified a number of policy issues which cut across government and state level agencies, and provincial and local government bodies.

Following on from these issues, we offered recommendations on fiscal issues, subsidies, monitoring and the construction of an LPG Association in order to more efficiently promote LPG use, and to regulate its production. We also suggested means to increase indigenous supply, including collecting LPG from gas that would otherwise be flared, and revamping existing refineries. Based on our consultation, the Sudanese government has continued to promote the use of LPG energy and is making significant strides in poverty reduction across the country, particularly in equalising the price of LPG gas in different regions.

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