Position:  Women, Peace, and Security Specialist – SSNSA

Location:  Somalia – Mogadishu


In the context of Somalia, the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda holds significant
importance due to the fact that Women in Somalia have been disproportionately affected by
conflict and have faced various forms of violence, including sexual and gender-based

Additionally, women in Somalia have played crucial roles in peacebuilding, conflict
resolution, and community reconciliation efforts, often working at the grassroots level to
promote dialogue, social cohesion, and peace. Recognizing these contributions, in recent
years and gradually, FGS and the international community have made efforts to integrate the
WPS agenda into their peace and security frameworks.

The role played by Somali women in peace and state building is at the heart of the agenda
started by UN Security Council Resolution 1325, which acknowledges that women are not
just victims of war, but also agents of peace. The Resolution urges increased participation of
women and the incorporation of gender perspectives into all peace and security efforts. In a
statement in 2004, the Security Council called upon Member States to advance UNSCR
1325 implementation through national action plans (NAPs).

The Ministry of Women and Human Rights Development (MOWHRD) in Somalia developed
a National Action Plan (NAP) on Women, Peace, and Security in 2022. The Office of the
National Security is also committed to driving forward progress on the WPS agenda, and
potentially developing their own Action Plan. An opportunity exists to further promote
collaboration and consultation between the MOWHRD, ONS, other government security
institutions, and civil society.

Somali women’s civil society organizations have also played an essential role in advocating
for the inclusion of women’s perspectives and rights in peacebuilding efforts. They have
worked to increase women’s participation in peace negotiations, conflict mediation, and the
formulation of policies that address gender-specific needs.

The challenges to fully implementing the WPS agenda in Somalia are numerous. First,
improved coordination between government institutions, their international partners, and
other stakeholders, is necessary for ensuring its practical implementation. Second, many
governments have experienced challenges in effectively monitoring the implementation of
their NAPs, to measure successes over time, and strengthen the evidence base for effective
approaches – a challenge that is also likely to prove relevant in Somalia. Third, current
conditions in the country challenge the full implementation of the NAP. Ongoing insecurity,
limited resources, traditional gender norms, and cultural barriers continue to hinder
women’s meaningful participation and access to justice. Sexual and gender-based violence
remains a major concern, particularly in the conflict-affected areas and amongst displaced

To ensure that the NAP fully reflects the diverse perspectives and priorities of all government
entities, we seek the expertise of an expert in Women, Peace, and Security to facilitate a
more collaborative approach in the development and implementation of this critical plan. To
recognize and support the important role of women in peacebuilding and security, we must
take steps to ensure that women’s perspectives and needs are fully integrated into conflict
prevention, peacebuilding, and post-conflict reconstruction processes in Somalia.


Roles and Responsibilities:
1. Research and Analysis:

  • A literature review/ mapping of all the WPS efforts currently ongoing in the country, at the government and civil society level.
  • Best practices on coordination between women’s Ministries, security institutions, and civil society, in comparative jurisdictions.

2. Policy and Advocacy:

  • Working with the ONS on establishing a Roadmap for implementing WPS, which is
    able to connect to or interact with the federal NAP
  • Determine whether there is need to amend the federal NAP, and work with the ONS
    to coordinate on this with the MOWRD
  • Undertaking a “readiness assessment” to determine what is in place that would
    support the implementation of the NAP, and where the gaps are.

3. Capacity Building and Training:

  • Supporting a coordination mechanism for the implementation of WPS – either by
    supporting the ONS to establish one or advising on how to make existing
    mechanisms more inclusive – to be determined as a result of the initial research.
  • Identifying and supporting champions to lead efforts on WPS implementation, who
    can continue to do so once this consultancy has finished.
  • Working with existing bodies that are able to help push for the implementation of the
    NAP, and hold government bodies accountable to their commitments – including the
    different iterations of the network of women in the security sector (chapters of which
    currently exist in Mogadishu and Baidoa)
  • Supporting the ONS to seek input from local communities, including through
    engagement with civil society and local women’s leaders – with a focus on those who
    have been involved in peace building activities, and those from communities
    disproportionately affected by violence and insecurity, such as displaced


4. Collaboration and Networking:

  • Establish partnerships to support initiatives promoting women’s inclusion in
    peacebuilding and decision-making.
  • Participate in relevant networks and forums to exchange best practices and lessons
    learned, and build networks with relevant stakeholders, including government
    officials, civil society organizations, and academic institutions, to further promote and
    implement the WPS agenda.

5. Monitoring and Reporting:

  • Work with the ONS to develop a high-impact logical framework for the
    implementation of the NAP. The logical framework should be focused on impacts,
    not outputs, and include indicators that indicate whether or not the change has
  • Work with the ONS to develop an M&E framework that will ensure information
    collected during monitoring process will inform the way the NAP is developed and
    implemented over time.
  • Support the ONS to solicit input on the logical framework and M&E process from (1) women within the security sector (including the pre-existing networks) and (2) women-led civil society.


  1. Strong academic background in fields such as gender studies, international relations,
    peace and conflict studies, human rights, or related disciplines is essential.
  2. A minimum of 4 years of experience in security, peacebuilding, human rights and/or
    related fields.
  3. Knowledge of Women, Peace and Security Agenda and deep understanding of the
    Women, Peace, and Security agenda, including knowledge of key international
    frameworks, such as United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 and
    subsequent resolutions.
  4. Proficiency in conducting research, data collection, and analysis related to gender
    and peacebuilding is important. This includes the ability to use quantitative and
    qualitative research methods, analyse data, and produce reports or publications
  5. Good knowledge of local laws, cultural dynamics, and existing gender policies.
  6. Fluent in English.
  7. Strong communication skills


Interested candidates are invited to submit their applications, including a detailed curriculum vitae (CV), a cover letter highlighting their relevant experience and qualifications, and contact information for at least three professional references. Applications should be submitted to Recruitment.Africa@adamsmithinternational.com not later than 20th November 2023 17:00 hours Mogadishu Time. Applications are being reviewed on a rolling basis.